LORD CORNWALLIS AND ITS JUDICIAL REFORMS PART 1
Updated: Dec 17, 2022
Lord Cornwallis was in India from 1786 to 1793. His most noted work was in criminal judicature. He succeeded Warren Hastings and became the Governor-General of India.
But before accepting crown rule he kept forward certain conditions.
Conditions of Lord Cornwallis:
1)Office of Governor-general and commander-in-chief would be United under one person.
2)Governor-General in the council will have veto power over the council.
3)He aimed to uproot corruption from the judicial and administrative system.
4)He wanted to tackle the problem of land revenue.
5)Develop a proper System of administration of justice.
He introduced changes in the judicial system known as the Judicial plan of 1787, 1790, 1793.
JUDICIAL PLAN OF 1787-
1. Reorganisation of Districts - the number of districts in Calcutta were reduced from 36 to 23.
2. Appointment of collector for each district - He has to collect revenue and also take decisions of the cases arising out of revenue matters.
3. Also presided over Mofussil Diwani Adalat as a judge.
* Mofussil Diwani Adalat - District level civil court that decided on the civil cases and cases of Zamindars.
4. Also presided over the Magistrate's court as a Magistrate. 0
5. Establishment of Mal Adalats - Mal Adalats were the revenue courts in each district. The court was presided by the collector and he use to decide the cases related to revenue as he was the only one in charge of revenue matters.
6. Establishment of Registrar Courts and Assistant officer of the collector was appointed as the registrar.
To be continued...
Written By :- Prerna Jaiswal
( B.A.LLB 2nd Year
IMS LAW COLLEGE , NOIDA
SECTOR 62 )